Pond digging is hard work especially if you are planning on a large pond with deep sections. You may need to get friends or family in to help you or if they are tied up or unavailable then you can also hire professionals.
If you decide to take the job on yourself then take your time. You don't want to injure yourself or have any nasty accidents. Patience is the key.
Before you start
Make sure you have the right tools for the job and dig a small section of earth up just to see how hard the ground is in your area. It maybe chalky or full of rocks where you then may need sledge hammers and help.
If the ground is too hard or too waterlogged it maybe wise to site your pond in a different position.
Plan your dig
First you should remove the layer of turf where the pond is going to be and pile this turf upside down. After a few months this soil will make great aquatic soil for potting plants.
Then the top soil can also be saved for potting plants or using to top up any plants you may have potted.
Use planks from the pond hole to the area you are moving the soil to. This makes it easier with a wheelbarrow and stops you damaging your lawn elsewhere.
The subsoil (soil underneath the top soil) can be used for creating a raised bank, waterfall, and cascade or used the soil elsewhere in the garden.
Knowing what you are going to use all the soil for before you start digging any holes can insure that you only move the soil once. Nothing worse than moving something and then needing to move it again and again.
Start your dig
Step 1 Mark the area out where you are going to have your pond with pegs and then tie string around the pegs to make the perimeter of your pond.
Step 2 Remove turf in sections and pile high upside down to use at a later date.
Step 3 Remove topsoil and subsoil to an area where it is going to be used.
Step 4 Place a piece of wood onto the pegs and insure that it is level with a spirit level. If not remove or add soil to make level.
Step 5 Remove more soil or add soil to make the under water design of your pond. You may have deep or shallow areas, planting areas or need to dig trenches around the bottom of the ponds edge to build retaining walls.
You may want to dig your pond deeper if using concrete foundation for your pond base or just retaining walls then remember that once the foundation is laid it will make your pond shallower.
If you are using a prefabricated pond then buy the pond in advance, you can then use the outline of the pond to mark the perimeter of your pond.
Pond digging is the hardest labour you will come across when installing your pond so maybe its good that its at the begenning of your project.
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